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How do birds adapt to their environment?
Your environment is where you live. For birds this is where they search for food and bring up their young.
Website: Charles Darwin and Evolution
Feet are very important things - they are how animals get around! So what about ducks and waders that live near water? Their feet are wide, often "webbed", so that they can swim well and also walk on mud without sinking. Can you think why Birds of Prey and Owls have such sharp claws?
Skin covering is also very important. Watch a Swan and notice that its neck is covered in thick dense feathers. A swan eats the pond weed and creatures living under water so why are the neck feathers so useful?
Most water birds are also waterproof - they have oil from their beaks that they spread over their precious feathers. Also the colour of feathers, or fur, is an adaptation that helps an animal survive. Do you remember the female ducks that sit on the nest? They are often brown coloured, this is for camouflage.
Wild and wonderful Birds!
One of the most famous birds in the Peregrine; the fastest animal on the planet! Look at a picture of a Peregrine diving. That streamlined shape means it cuts through the air at speeds above 100mph!
One of the most common birds that you see in school grounds or parks is the Green Woodpecker – This bird loves to eat ants! It has a super-ant-eating-trick of his own - a very sticky, very, very long tongue. The Green Woodpecker uses this amazing tool to get ants out of their nests. YUMMY! Its tongue is wrapped around inside its head!
Penguins. We know that Penguins have super powers to survive life in the South Pole. Streamlined for swimming, layers of fat to keep warm and thousands of waterproof feathers. What about in the coldest parts of the UK? There's a special bird called a Ptarmigan that lives in the mountains of Scotland. Look at the picture - what colour are the Ptarmigan's feathers in the winter? How does this help the Ptarmigan survive the worst time of the year?
Charles Darwin (Top) Swan (Middle)
Green Woodpecker and Peregrine (Middle) Ptarmigan (Bottom)