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Where do all these caterpillars come from?
(don't forget that Moths come from caterpillars too!)
Some birds can make their nests in early spring, so you might be seeing juvenile (baby) Blackbirds and Robins in your school or garden about now. These birds will be feeding their chicks juicy worms that they find in the ground. Blue tits and Great tits on the other hand have to wait until there are enough caterpillars around so they fledge and leave the nest in May or early June.
The birds that don't really need to think about the right time of year to bread are the Pigeon or Dove family. Woodpigeons and Collared doves eat seeds and insects. These birds can find food all year round. So don't be surprised to see a Pigeon building a nest in January!!
Does where a bird lives influence what it eats?
The simple answer to this question is yes! For example,
Kingfishers live in wetland habitats near ponds, rivers and lakes and they eat a lot of fish. Another bird that eats a lot of fish is the giant Osprey. However, other birds of prey living in upland areas away from wetlands or the coast eat different food. Sparrowhawks look for small birds, Buzzards will eat anything from rabbits to worms and Kestrels eat small mice and voles.
Challenge: Research and create a food chain for an Osprey?
Blue Tit (Top Left) Collared Dove (Middle) Kingfisher (Top right)